WebThe word democracy or demoskratos in Greek, is a form of government where the (ruling) power is in the hands of the people. What are the advantages and disadvantages of ancient Greece? What were the advantages and disadvantages of the city-state form of government? During that year, they were responsible for making new laws and controlled all parts of the political process. When you look at the literal definition of democracy in the Merriam-Webster dictionary, there is a decently large explanation. if the majority of the citizens didn't like the ideas of a single citizen they were to be banished or killed. Athenian democracy developed around the fifth century B.C.E. The Athenians were stronger because they had a better geography, government, cultural achievements, and I would rather live in the Athens. The concept of leadership was prevalent in the ancient world. Athens was also referred to as the birthplace of democracy, a government system still in use today! Elements of more than one of these forms also co-existed, however, and the modern connotations of labels such as these are not necessarily the same as those that prevailed in Ancient Greece. The Constitution also represents the value and principles of democracy and republicanism that the United States of American stands by. The people of ancient Greece took advantage of all this saltwater and coastline and became outstanding fishermen and sailors. Democracy is the modern day standard for governmental systems. This excluded a majority of the population: slaves, freed slaves, children, women and metics (foreign residents in Athens). What are the disadvantages of having government? This basically means that if you are not wetly than they won't treat us the same as wealthy people. They became skilled sailors. Representative democracy is a government in which citizens vote for representatives who create and change laws that govern the people rather than getting to vote directly on the laws themselves. Athenians made it clear that the poor helped build the city 's power and not just the wealthy. The word democracy is greek, the word demos means people and kratos means power. In Athens all men are on an equality which means Not of the few but of the many (doc 3 pericles). Pros: Many Tyrants ruled well and helped poor families by cancelling the debts of poor farmers. 4 What are the pros and cons of democracy in ancient Greece? How to Market Your Business with Webinars? Athens, on the other hand, was a democracy after periods of monarchies and aristocracies. Moreover, addressing the 11 million undocumented immigrants, I strongly believe that the United States should allow the immigrants to continuously live in the United States under some conditions. When a new law was proposed, all the citizens of Athens had the opportunity to vote on it. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. When looking at this definition and trying to decide whether the Athenian democratic system was truly democratic, one would have to go with the answer no. (Document B): The second reason is that if the court decides that someone has no right to be enrolled as a citizen he becomes. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. WebAs a result the Ancient Greece developed into isolated, small, independent communities. What were the disadvantages of democracy in ancient Greece? If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. The word democracy comes from two Greek words that mean people (demos) and rule (kratos). Web 2.0 has revolutionized the panorama of the information society: users have become information creators and the new web platforms have become relationship venues where new knowledge and ideas emerge. According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary, democracy can simply be defined as the government of the people, but lately it seems as if that definition has become invalid. Athenians made it clear that the poor helped build the city 's power and not just the wealthy. These cookies ensure basic functionalities and security features of the website, anonymously. Pre-Classical Greece saw a Dorian movement take place after the Trojan war. This form of government had to start somewhere, however, and ideas of democracy can be shown in many early documents written by some of the first peoples to colonize the Americas. 6 What are the pros and cons of democracy in ancient Greece? No i don't think Athens was truly democratic because, all the rules of ancient Athens are very unfair with all their rules and rights for all citizens. Democracy in Athenian government the way that the citizens pass a vote is getting done, in elected by the assembly annually for making decisions about military matters and by showing hands. Democracy is the idea that the citizens of a country should take an active role in the government of their country and manage it directly or through elected representatives. Advantages: meet outside often, healthy outdoor lifestyle, they had good temperature for farming and prospering, very moderate climate. The main disadvantage for the Athenians was that around 430 BCE, a plague struck Athens. The reason I say this is because, in economic terms, reduction in government spending and increasing tax collection at the same time is like hitting someone with two hammers together. Ancient Athens, had a much more stronger basis than ancient Sparta. Such abundance of water makes Ancient Greece good in fishing and trade. While Athens is widely regarded as the first historical example of a democratic system, some scholars believe that the Roman Empires republic system was more democratic than that of the Greek. The ancient Greeks believed that each city-state had one or two gods keeping a special eye on that city-state. This means that the Constitution regards to the American citizen as something that is held to deserve meaning the importance, worth, or usefulness of something. This completely contradicts the all-inclusive concept of direct democracy that the Athenian government preached so frequently. Due to the fact that Sparta had a very military lifestyle, they were good at raising strong outspoken women in a society where women were kept at home. The first one is Document A: Pericles and the other one is Document B: The The Athenian Constitution. Athens had a geographic advantage because they were very superior. The cookie is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Analytics". How do I choose between my boyfriend and my best friend? Athenians were the most scholarly types while the Spartans were more of the military type. Each city-state had its own government. Sparta also has a great military strength, it is much better than Athens military because the men go to war at the age of 7-30. Still, the city-states of ancient Greece had many things in common. In addition, citizens had the chance to spend time acting as council representatives, which gave them power and direct involvement with decision making. What are some pros and cons of Spartan society? By 508 BCE, Cleisthenes came to power in Athens and creates a democratic constitution of all people. Sparta and Athens were different in their values, politics, and societies. Disadvantage: Unpredictable sea, need boats to travel. This essay will focus on the reasons of why government is necessary in our society and why Direct Democracy is not fit for modern United States of America, although brought a splendid time for ancient Greece. Some of the strengths of Athenian democracy include making decisions based on the opinions of many rather than a few, giving responsibility to more citizens and making records available for public examination. Athens government is a democracy which means all citizens get to take part. Sparta and Athens had differences and similarities in the way they governed their city states, in how they established their military forces, how they treated women, their marriage customs and social gatherings. One that originates from ancient Greece, at the cradle of civilisation.The word democracy comes from the Greek meaning the people and meaning power or rule. Compare the advantages and disadvantages for settlers of Greece's physical geography. The secret ballot, First of all, it is important to know the definition of democracy and its aspects. (Section 2.3) 2 As the culture center of Greek, Athens had many advantages during the Gold Age. This is why we give the ebook compilations in contribution to our knowledge of ancient Greece--its politics, philosophy, and literature, from Homer to Plato. Women could own property. If they did not fulfill their duty they would be fined and sometimes marked with red paint. The plague also led to social unrest and lack of unity. Why was logical and public speaking emphasized more in Athens than any other city-state? The idea of liberalism first began in the 1600s with John Locke as he believed that the people should be allowed to remove the government currently ruling when they have misused their power for ulterior motives. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media. One of the main advantages of Athenian, Before the Age of Absolutism, institutions, such as the Church, legislatures, or social elites, restrained monarchical power. Each polis differ particular on economically, politically, and military, When in doubt, however, the city-states did not get along. The cookie is set by GDPR cookie consent to record the user consent for the cookies in the category "Functional". This is the great story of Ancient Greece and how individualism changed the view Greece had on certain issues. What are the pros and cons of Athenian society? Spartas government was said to have a mixture of the major types of government which is oligarchy, monarchy, and democracy. The city-states of Athens and Sparta are the best representatives of democracy and oligarchy, respectively. During the Archaic Age, Sparta was solely focused on fighting wars and training their children for these wars. Aristotle once said, The roots of education are bitter, but the fruit is sweet. Athens was established in 3000 BC, while Sparta was respectively established in 431 BC. Pros And Cons of Ancient Athenian Democracy and Pros and Cons of American Democracy. It was easy for the Athenians to see who the people are due to the population number at the time. The assembly passed laws and made policy decisions (PBS 1). According to the State of the World Atlas, 44% of the worlds population live in a stable democracy. First, all true democracies limit majority rule in order to protect the rights of minorities. The democracy of Athens developed around 500 B.C.E because of the current uproar of oligarchies and dictatorship. Even girls were trained to become soldiers because for the Spartans there is no such thing as inequality; women can do the job of mem. The cookie is set by the GDPR Cookie Consent plugin and is used to store whether or not user has consented to the use of cookies. Unless someone was part of the 1 percent, Athens gave members of society more rights than Sparta. By clicking Accept All, you consent to the use of ALL the cookies. In document A it also states that you get equal justice. And thats the way it should be. Athens had a geographic advantage because they were very superior. Having good harbors and water access is good for trade, and trade brings economic stability. Democracy (disadvantage) Few people were considered citizens and had a voice in government. In Athen, Schools taught reading, writing, and mathematics, music, poetry, sport, and gymnastics. This cookie is set by GDPR Cookie Consent plugin. The cookie is used to store the user consent for the cookies in the category "Other. 1 What are the pros and cons of Athenian society? There are many limitations on democracy as a majority rule. Web3.It made abuse of power complicated, as you could always bring a charge against an official in the peoples assembly. Greece is also quite mountainous. Sea travel connected Greece to other societies. In a relatively resource-poor region, a society rose from the access of foreign sources of raw materials and markets abroad. Athens is the symbol of freedom, art, and democracy in the conscience of the civilized world. They took politics very seriously and made sure that everyone had a voiced opinion. Apart from many smaller changes, it was mainly based on the opportunity for all citizens over 20 to take part in governing the country. This caused some to view them with hostility which sparked the conflicts between Athens and Sparta that lead to the Peloponnesian War. In the 4th to 5th century B.C, Athens was going through a prosperous period and in this period its people made remarkable achievements. The most important city-states of Ancient Greece was Sparta and Athens. The Sea shaped the Greek civilizations as rivers did in the other ancient civilizations. This cookie is set by GDPR Cookie Consent plugin. Their job was to oversee the decisions made by the assembly. The two biggest city-states have always had issues. As I will come to. 8 What are the advantages and disadvantages of ancient Greece? The city-state of Athens, 5th century Athens to be precise, is the inventor and first practitioner of democracy. Athens was renowned as a center of wisdom and learning. There was a constant importance of acknowledging all citizens hard work and participation. Why is that so? Ancient Greece was comprised of small city-states, of which Sparta and Athens were two. Athenians were educated(except girls) but they never knew much about brute force, unlike the Spartans. Ancient Greece is often credited with being the birthplace of democracy. + PRO: Though harder to find, more affordable options exist. This cookie is set by GDPR Cookie Consent plugin. In Document 2, an excerpt from The Spartan Constitution by Aristotle theres a quote that states they praise Lacedaemon because it is made up of oligarchy, monarchy, and democracy.. This quote tells exactly what type of government Sparta had. equations of parallel and perpendicular lines calculator, georgia reign real name,